Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Understanding CBT

CBT is a well-researched and evidence-based approach that can help people to manage a wide range of emotional challenges. At its core, CBT focuses on the connection between thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, in order to manage emotional challenges. Originally developed in 1960 by Dr Aaron T Beck, it has evolved into a highly versatile and effective therapeutic method.
What happens in sessions?

How CBT works

CBT is a collaborative process between you and your therapist. Your therapist will help you to identify negative thoughts and beliefs which may be contributing to emotional struggles or unhelpful behaviours. Together, you work to challenge and reframe these thoughts to be more constructive and positive.

The process generally involves several key steps:

  1. Assessment: You and your therapist will work to identify specific problems areas or issues you want to address and what may have led to these.

  2. Setting goals: Clear, measurable, and attainable goals are set to guide the therapy process. A personalised treatment plan will be developed to guide the process of achieving your goals.

  3. Identifying negative thought patterns and restructuring them. Your therapist will help you to recognise negative thoughts and understand how these may be contributing to how you are feeling. With your therapist’s guidance, you will learn to challenge these and approach challenges and goals effectively.

  4. Experimenting: You and your therapist will develop and practice real world experiments to test out new thought patterns and behaviours. This will help you to learn through experience and strengthen confidence towards goals.

  5. Homework: To make the most of sessions with your therapist, you may be given tasks to practise between sessions to reinforce and practice skills developed in sessions. Homework will be agreed between client and therapist, so that it is manageable.

  6. Evaluation and adjustment: Progress will be regularly evaluated as you progress towards your goals. If needed, you and your therapist can adjust your tailored treatment plan if things change, or you wish to add to your goals.

Benefits of CBT

The benefit of CBT is supported by a wealth of empirical evidence. Numerous studies and clinical trials have demonstrated its positive outcome and long-term benefit across a range of psychological problems.
Some key benefits include:

  • Evidence-based: Research has consistently shown CBT to be effective across in treating a wide range of mental health problems. CBT is not just a guess at what will help, it is a structured, individual approach which has been shown to work.
  • Short-term and goal-oriented: CBT is often a shorter-term therapy compared with other, more traditional talking treatments, making it cost-effective and time-efficient.
  • Empowerment: CBT equips individuals with practical skills and tools that they can continue to use in day-to-day life, even after therapy ends.
  • Reduced relapse: CBT’s focus on skill-building and problem-solving can reduce the risk of relapse for many conditions.
    If you would like to know more about CBT or how it could help you, please contact us or book a free 15 minute chat with Dr Thrasher.


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